Tar is a essential commands for a Linux/Unix user, when it comes to archiving or copying files tar is my favorite.
Today's shell-fu examples will show you how to create a tar file that excludes specified directories and files. You can achieve this two ways.
1. Using the --exclude flag
[[email protected] play]$ tar -cvzf ../tar.tgz --exclude="./somedir" ./ ./ ./files.tgz ./list.txt ./3.txt ./2.txt ./4.txt ./1.txt
2. Using the -X flag followed by a file to read
[[email protected] play]$ cat list.txt 1.txt 2.txt 3.txt [[email protected] play]$ tar -cvzf ../tar.tgz -X list.txt ./ ./ ./files.tgz ./list.txt ./somedir/ ./4.txt
The second option is very handy when you have a large list of files/directories to exclude.
Recently Benjamin published his first book; Red Hat Enterprise Linux Troubleshooting Guide. In addition to writing, he has several Open Source projects focused on making Ops easier. These projects include Automatron, a project enabling auto-healing infrastructure for the masses.
Identify, capture and resolve common issues faced by Red Hat Enterprise Linux administrators using best practices and advanced troubleshooting techniques
What people are saying:
Excellent, excellent resource for practical guidance on how to troubleshoot a wide variety of problems on Red Hat Linux. I particularly enjoyed how the author made sure to provide solid background and practical examples. I have a lot of experience on Red Hat but still came away with some great practical tools to add to my toolkit. - Amazon Review