Tar is a essential commands for a Linux/Unix user, when it comes to archiving or copying files tar is my favorite.
Today’s shell-fu examples will show you how to create a tar file that excludes specified directories and files. You can achieve this two ways.
1. Using the –exclude flag
[[email protected] play]$ tar -cvzf ../tar.tgz --exclude="./somedir" ./ ./ ./files.tgz ./list.txt ./3.txt ./2.txt ./4.txt ./1.txt
2. Using the -X flag followed by a file to read
[[email protected] play]$ cat list.txt 1.txt 2.txt 3.txt [[email protected] play]$ tar -cvzf ../tar.tgz -X list.txt ./ ./ ./files.tgz ./list.txt ./somedir/ ./4.txt
The second option is very handy when you have a large list of files/directories to exclude.